With the demand for faster data speeds increasing, more utility lines going from overhead to underground has led to a lot of underground congestion, weaving new lines through crowded utility right-of-ways. Because of this, horizontal directional drilling (HDD) crews need to spend just as much time planning as they do drilling. The old saying in the carpentry business is “measure twice, cut once.” Underground utility contractors wanting to avoid costly and dangerous utility strikes should be following a similar mantra: “locate twice to avoid an accidental cut.” Simply calling 811/One Call and waiting for someone to come out to mark utilities isn’t enough anymore. Before a crew starts drilling, they should first use their own locator to verify all the marked utilities, as well as anything that may not have been marked. After that, teams need to pothole to confirm depths of all utilities near the bore path, as well as any lines they will intersect along the way.
Why calling in a locate isn’t enough
According to Tallahassee, Florida utility contractor, Tim Selvey with Bartell & Associates, HDD crews that just pop the head in the ground and start drilling are taking a huge gamble. “The hidden dangers go well beyond just getting tangled up with a buried fiberoptic conduit,” he said. “Anytime a crew is working around buried power or gas lines, they are putting the lives of everyone in the area at risk. And, everyone on a crew needs to understand that at the end of the day. When a utility strike happens, it doesn’t matter who’s at fault when the safety of people are involved. At minimum, a utility strike causes production delays, and unfortunately, in our line of work, that’s usually the best-case scenario.” The two HDD crews of Bartell & Associates perform a mixture of small diameter telecommunication, water, sewer and powerline bores in and around Tallahassee. Both crews use a Vermeer utility locator built by McLaughlin to verify USIC markings and then pothole any lines that will intersect a bore. “Locating services usually do a pretty good job of getting everything marked,” said Selvey. “However, there is always a chance they missed something. Someone has an off day, or a non-conductive line isn’t documented, so they aren’t necessarily looking for it. We hear those types of stories all the time, which is why we invest in locating equipment and take the time to teach our team how to use it.”
Importance of support and training
Just having and using a utility locator isn’t enough — HDD crew members must understand how to use them too. According to Selvey, locator training was a concern of his before investing in his first locator. “If people don’t know how to use a locator, they aren’t going to use it properly, and then before you know it, the locator is just sitting on a shelf collecting dust. We didn’t want that to happen, and after consulting with our Vermeer Southeast sales representative, Adam Zehr, we purchased two McLaughlin Verifier G2 utility locators a few years back. Just recently, we upgraded to the latest model — the Vermeer® Verifier G3 locator built by McLaughlin.” The team at Vermeer Southeast helped Bartell & Associates crew members learn how to use the locators, but now Selvey said his team is pretty self-sufficient at training new employees. “The McLaughlin locator is pretty easy to learn how to use, and they are accurate,” he said. “When one team member is training another, he or she will show them how to hook on to a particular utility line, listen for the tone and then pothole to verify they did everything accurately. It’s usually a pretty quick process.”
Selvey also explained another benefit of using a locator in conjunction with potholing utilities is the ability to reduce the risk of misidentifying a utility. “In a lot of the areas where we work, we’ll run into utility lines being stacked on top of each other,” he said. “If a crew member isn’t paying attention to everything buried in a spot, they may only expose the top utility which could lead to a utility strike or cross bore. On jobs like that, it’s important for us to directly connect to each utility so we can have pinpoint accuracy of where every line is going and the approximate depths. After that, we will dig until every line is daylighted.”
What’s at stake
There’s a lot of risks for utility contractors when it comes to accidental utility strikes — the community’s safety, employees’ well-being, potential equipment damage, lost productivity, company profitability and the business’s reputation. Those risks are why Selvey spends so much time with his team reinforcing the company’s process for verifying utility locations. “We’re a small company with a good reputation. All of our business is through word-of-mouth — we don’t even have a website,” he said. “Utility companies know we do good work, which is why we always have plenty of it. It’s important to us that we keep it that way.” Spending more time on the front end of an HDD project verifying locates and exposing existing utilities should be part of every contractor’s process.
Sidebar: Using a utility probe
Equipping HDD crews with an accurate utility locator and making sure they know how to use it goes a long way in helping to verify metallic and conductive underground lines, but what about non-metallic/non-conductive utilities like water, sewer and drain lines? To identify the specific location of these buried utilities, contractors should be using utility probes, or sondes, in conjunction with a utility locator. Probes, or sondes, are an accurate way to track the path of non-conductive utility lines made out of concrete, plastic or clay. Crews simply have to push the probe through an existing utility duct via manhole or hand-hole entry point. The utility locator can then follow the path of the radio-transmitting probe from above ground. It’s a quick and accurate way to pinpoint the location and depth of these utilities, which can help reduce the risk of striking or intersecting with another underground line while boring. Mike Carway with Nextier Infrastructure Solutions and his crews have been using McLaughlin utility probes for several years and said he couldn’t imagine what life would be like without them. “Too many contractors take unnecessary risks by not doing an efficient job of verifying locates,” he explained. “That lack of professionalism gives the whole industry a black eye. I think the reason some companies choose to cut corners is because verifying the location of utilities can be labor-intensive and time-consuming. Using probes in conjunction with our Vermeer® Verifier G2 locator made by McLaughlin, we’ve been able to cut the amount of time we spend potholing in half on a lot of projects in urban areas. Probes save time and are easy to use.” Nextier performs almost 90 percent of its work around downtown Atlanta, Georgia, and with all of the concrete around, verifying underground utilities by potholing can be a significant challenge. Using multiple sizes of McLaughlin probes that vary in diameter and length, the Nextier team uses underground access points in manholes and hand-holes to gain access to utility ducts. “It’s not uncommon to open a manhole and see 12 different duct openings,” Carway said. “We identify any vacant ones and run the probe through it, so we know exactly where those lines go, which helps reduce the number of utilities we need to expose before completing a bore.” Carway has had several contractors ask him about probes recently and when he explains the process and efficiency of it, they usually go out and buy one. “A lot of the guys I’ve talked to about probes will call me back after using them and tell me it paid for itself on the first job,” he said. “Any utility contractor not using probes either doesn’t know they exist or just wants to make their crew’s job harder than it has to be as far as I’m concerned.”
McLaughlin, a Vermeer Company, has been actively involved in the drilling tool industry for more than 95 years. McLaughlin has a reputation for designing and building dependable, low maintenance trenchless construction equipment. McLaughlin takes pride in providing solutions for OEMs and the underground industry.
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